Latin America ie South America, Central America and Mexico, have very diverse populations with many ethnic groups and different ancestries, but only in three of the Latin countries do the Amerindians make up the majority of the population; Peru, Guatemala and Bolivia.
The 16th, 17th and 18th centuries saw a flow of Iberian emigrants leaving for Latin America; the Portuguese for Brazil and the Spaniards for the rest of the region. Men greatly outnumbered women and many married natives. This resulted in a mixing of the Amerindians and Europeans, their descendants known today as mestizos. Mestizos make up the majority of Latin America’s population. In the late 16th century, a large number of African slaves were brought to Latin America, especially to Brazil and the Caribbean. Many mixed with the Europeans and their descendants, known as Mulattoes, make up the majority of the population in countries such as Brazil and Colombia. European immigrants arrived in Latin America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, most of them settling in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and southern Brazil, so nowadays the Southern Cone has a majority of people of largely European descent.